-Turn off the faucet when lathering hands with soap or scrubbing dishes.
-Find and fix any leaky faucets. A faucet leaking 60 drops per minute will waste 192 gallons (726.8 liters) per month. That is equal to 2,304 gallons (8.7 m3) per year.
-Install a low-flow faucet aerator, which can cut water use in half. Water saved: 1 to 2 gallons per minute.
-Only wash full loads of dishes in the dishwasher.
-Have a bowl in the sink to catch running water while rinsing hands or soapy dishes. Use this water to soak dirty dishes or water outside plants.
Bathroom: (Bathroom use accounts for about 75 percent of the water used inside the home.)
-If it takes a long time for the hot water to reach the shower, use it as an opportunity to collect water in a bucket for other uses, such as flushing the toilet or watering plants.
-Insulate hot water pipes where possible to avoid long delays (and wasted water) while waiting for the water to “run hot.”
-Install a low-flow shower head and/or faucet aerator, which can cut water use in half. Water saved: 1 to 2 gallons per minute.
-Take short showers and save the baths for special occasions. Water saved: 2 to 5 gallons per minute. Reducing a 10-minute shower to 5 minutes will save 12.5 gallons (47.3 liters) of water if the shower head has a flow rate of 2.5 gallons (9.5 liters) per minute (even more if the shower head has a higher flow rate).
-Turn off the tap while lathering your hands with soap, brushing your teeth or shaving: save 1-2 gallons per minute.
-Turn off shower while shaving, lathering or conditioning hair.
-Never use your toilet as a wastebasket: save 1-7 gallons per flush.
-Try the “If it’s yellow, let it mellow. If it’s brown flush it down” rule as much as it’s hygienically possible.
-Wash only full loads in the clothes washer. Washing small loads uses over twice as much water per pound of laundry.
-Adjust the water level in the washer to the amount needed for the load. Some of the new efficient washers will do this automatically.